It's almost impossible to refer to the landscape of Barcelona without mentioning its trees, those which stand in the parks and gardens and those planted to line avenues, squares and streets. Having had a presence on the city map since the end of the nineteenth century, they are an essential feature and are fully integrated in the city planning.

The over 151,000 trees which currently line the city's streets and avenues have become one of its most characteristic features. Sant Martí and the Eixample, with 30,788 and 22,090 trees respectively, are the districts with most trees in Barcelona. In the rest of the city -with the exception of Ciutat Vella and Gràcia, which have an urban structure that makes planting difficult- there are approximately 12,000 to 15,000 street-lining trees.

The majority of centenarian trees stand in the city's parks and gardens, together with the most exotic specimens. There are outstanding specimens in the green areas created during the nineteenth century, such as those in the Parc de la Ciutadella, and other older specimens that decorate the Universitat Gardens and which originally came from a botanical garden created in Barcelona at the end of the eighteenth century. Green areas such as the Vil·la Amèlia Gardens, the Vil·la Cecília Gardens, the Laberint d'Horta Park and the Can Castelló Gardens, which began as private gardens created at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century are also rich in exotic species and rare specimens.

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